What Do People Think About Our ExpedMed Courses? Let's Ask them and Find Out!

One of the things that is most gratifying to us at ExpedMed is the excited feedback we get from those who come to our events.

Our ExpedMed events have been attended by hundreds of clinicians from all over the world, and it's always incredibly fun to hear their feedback and their stories.

At one of our past events we took some quick interviews with participants and asked what they thought of the teaching at ExpedMed. Curious? Click on the video below to see for yourself why people ar so excited about ExpedMed.

Don't forget to register for our Little Rock conference! It's coming in March and space is limited!

 

Tiger Attacks Woman in China Drive-Through Safari

With most urban people having few encounters with truly wild animals these days, a lack of appreciation for the strength and, at times, ferocity of large predators unfortunately develops.  People who take risks around these creatures sometimes learn the dangers too late.  

In this video, a woman steps out of her car in a drive through safari in China and is attacked by a tiger. (Warning: Graphic Content)

At our ExpedMed events, we discuss animal attacks-- how to treat them, but also how to prevent them.  Learn from our experts why wild animals should be respected and how best to protect yourself and your travel companions.

 

 

Dr. Will Smith, Medical Director, Grand Teton National Park & Teton County Search and Rescue, coming to Little Rock!

We are pleased to announce that Dr. Will Smith, Medical Director of Teton National Park and Teton County Search and Rescue in Jackson, Wyoming is coming to Little Rock as a member of our ExpedMed faculty!

Dr. Smith has extensive experience in Wilderness Medicine and Search and Rescue.  He has managed mass casualty incidents at high altitude, and has completed multiple deployments overseas as a Lt. Colonel in the US Army Reserve Medical Corps.

We are honored to have Dr. Smith's involvement in our Expedition Medicine National Conference and look forward to hearing his lectures this March!

Dr. Smith's complete bio:

Dr. Smith practices Emergency Medicine in Jackson Hole, Wyoming and is clinical WWAMI faculty for the University of Washington School of Medicine, as well as the Medical Director for the US National Park Service.  Locally, he serves as the Co-Medical Director for Grand Teton National Park, Teton County Search & Rescue, Bridger Teton National Forest, and Jackson Hole Fire/EMS.  Dr. Smith also serves as a Lt. Colonel in the U.S. Army Reserve Medical Corps, recently completing his 3rd Middle East deployment.  LTC Smith has practiced medicine around the world on 6 continents, from the 'Baghdad ER' to Easter Island.  His combat experience combined with his pre-hospital EMS experience as a Paramedic, and his technical Search and Rescue skills have lead to numerous speaking engagements at Wilderness and EMS conferences/seminars around the world. Dr. Smith has also been appointed to several national committees (American Heart Association), authored numerous book chapters and consensus guidelines on Wilderness and Rescue Medicine, and serves as a Subject Matter Expert for DARPA. He has founded and runs Wilderness and Emergency Medicine Consulting (WEMC), LLC. More information can be found at www.wildernessdoc.com .

 

ExpedMed Faculty Member Discusses Venomous Snake Bites: Dr. Tim Erickson

The faculty we invite to our ExpedMed events are true experts in their field.  In this video, Dr. Tim Erickson discusses venomous snake bites and how to treat them.  Tim is a clinical toxicologist at Harvard and will be coming to Little Rock this March to teach in our Expedition Medicine National Conference.  Be sure to register early for our event. Space is limited!

 

ExpedMed coming to Little Rock, Arkansas!

It's been a few years since we've held an ExpedMed event, but we're excited to announce that the Expedition Medicine National Conference is back and will be held in Little Rock, Arkansas in March 9-10, 2018.

We've already confirmed a stellar nationally known faculty, and will be holding the event at the beautiful Heifer International headquarters.

Follow this blog for updates regarding this event, and other announcements by ExpedMed. 

As always, feel free to contact us with any questions, and be sure to register early since space is limited!

 

CME on Little Saint Simons Island: Beach Interview

Ever want to get away on your own private island?

What if you could enjoy 10,000 acres of pristine beauty with seven miles of undeveloped beach?

February 28-March 3, 2013 ExpedMed will be going to Little Saint Simons Island for a CME event in this amazing wilderness location.

Check out our information page on the event and our video interview with one of the Little Saint Simons Island naturalists.

Only a few rooms left for this truly incredible adventure.

Hope you guys can make it.  

ExpedMed 2012 Expedition Medicine National Conference this Week!

Just a reminder to everyone that this week is the Expedition Medicine National Conference.

Classes begin Friday morning and end Sunday around lunch.

Give us a call if you're interested in attending.  We're going to have a lot of fun.

Charles Ickes

I just posted a new article over on the ghbledsoe.com website about a guy named Charles Ickes who is listed as a coauthor on some malaria research papers.

Ickes is interesting because he was an incarcerated prisoner at Stateville Penitentiary serving time for armed robbery at the time of the research publication.

If you are interested in Travel Medicine or Topical Medicine, the Ickes story is a fascinating historical tidbit from years gone by.

ExpedMed CME Adventures: Polar Bears of Churchill


An up close visit with one of the polar bears of Churchill.When we began building ExpedMed, we tried to look for ways to expose medical professionals to Expedition Medicine and Wilderness Medicine experiences in authentic ways.  We recruited the best faculty and published an acclaimed textbook to help us present these important topics.

In 2009, we began offering CME trips to give our participants "hands on" experience in exotic environments.

Our goal was to partner with the best travel companies in the world. Our partners were expected to have not only exemplary records of safety and expertise in their travel programs, but also be committed to eco-friendly policies and sustainable growth practices that invest in local, indigenous poulations.

Downtown Churchill, CanadaOur first trip was with Tusker Trail, one of the preiminent safari and trekking companies in Africa.  Tusker leads our Kilimanjaro CME trips each year.

Our most recent trip was to Churchill, Canada to visit this remote outpost that sees more polar bears than anywhere on earth.  We selected travel company Frontiers North Adventures to partner with our ExpedMed team, and the result was a great experience in the "frozen tundra."  This is a quick report on our trip...

Our trip was in later October and began in Winnipeg, Canada.  

Winnipeg is a medium-sized city in which I was able to spend a few days.  During my time in Winnipeg I took a recommendation from Urbanspoon and visited Hermanos, a local restaurant.  The food at Hermanos was great.  I went there twice and got great service and ate the ribeye each time.  Fantastic.  I even splurged one night and tried their Black Gold dessert which was incredible.  Great place to eat.

The morning of the trip, our ExpedMed group boarded a shuttle and were transported with the rest of the Frontiers North crowd to a private jet for our flight to Churchill.  It was efficient and stress-free.  We had plenty of space to spread out and we landed in Churchill without any problems.

When we were on the tarmac, the wind was howling and the temperature was noticeably cooler than it was in Winnipeg.

I was ecstatic to finally be in Churchill, a town I had read about years before as an amazing intersection of polar bears and humans.

We spent that first day touring the small town and visiting the "polar bear jail," a place where polar bears are sent when they wander into town. 

Churchill has been dealing with polar bears for so long, they have developed a system for protecting the humans in this remote outpost and also being respectful and protective of the bears.  Any polar bear that wanders into Churchill is either tranquilized or, more often, caught in one of the large polar bear traps.  Once captured, the bear is sent to the "jail" for a period of time then flown outside the city and released.

Late in the afternoon our group boarded a famed "Tundra Buggy" and headed to our lodging for the next few days:  the Tundra Buggy Lodge.

Those touring Churchill can decide to stay in town or in the Tundra Buggy Lodge.  Our group booked rooms in the Lodge so we could get the feel for staying out on the Tundra, in the environment of the awesome creatures we hoped to see.

The next few days went by quickly.

We spent our days rolling around the tundra looking for bears and the evenings sharing excellent food and good company in the Lodge with our fellow travelers.  

While Churchill and the Tundra Buggy Lodge were interesting experiences, the bears were the stars, of course.

Polar bears are incredible animals, well-adapted to their frozen environment.  I had seen a few during my trip to the North Pole in 2008, but these bears were up close-- really, really close.  It was a privilege to see these magnificent beasts a few feet away from our Buggy, and a series of moments that I will never forget.

At some point in the future I hope to post some more about Churchill, our ExpedMed adventures, and polar bears, but for now I must round this up.  I'll finish with a few more photos and a video of one of the big bears as it approached out Buggy heading for a seal carcass.

Our plane arrives in Churchill

A Tundra BuggyPolar bear in front of the Tundra Buggy LodgeTwo polar bears An ExpedMed lecture inside a Tundra Buggy

 

Great White Shark Cage Diving CME Itinerary

Hey guys.

For those of you who want more information on our ExpedMed Great White Shark Cage Diving CME Adventure , we just posted the detailed itinerary.

For those who can't find the time to click over to the Great White Shark Adventure informational page, here's the itinerary below.

More information about our dive partners, Shark Diver, can be found on their website:  www.SharkDiver.com 

 

Shark Diving Itinerary

Welcome to Shark Diver.Your dive expedition to the Pacific's most pristine and robust white shark dive site leaves from San Diego's famous H&M's Landing, 10 minutes from San Diego's airport and home to California's long range fishing fleets. Shark Divers vessel the MV Horizon boards divers from California to Isla Guadalupe. We are on site usually 20 hours later and beginning your first exciting white shark cage dives after a hearty breakfast. We take a maximum of 12 divers per trip - perfect for dive clubs, corporate groups, film crews, and photographers.

Day One

Boarding begins at 9:00pm -11.00pm on the evening prior to your expedition date. Prior to boarding most of our divers have booked with the Holiday Inn Bayside under our special Shark Diver Rate, we are happy to be working again this year with the Bayside, our 8th season with them. Divers generally come in a day early and take advantage of the Baysides free airport shuttle service and 7 minute location from the international airport. Our divers also like discover San Diego's Gas Lamp District, home to some of California's top restaurants and entertainment venues located minutes from the hotel. If you're coming to San Diego early plan on visiting the town. We generally depart from the docks at 11:00-12.00pm. Travel time to Guadalupe is approximately 20 hours. Once you arrive to the vessel you'll be greeted by Martin Graf, your dive operations manager. Martin holds the enviable distinction of spending the most time at Isla Guadalupe aside from the shark researchers at CICIMAR. His wealth of shark knowledge and dive operations prowess makes Martin our top choice again this year to run the white shark program on the MV Horizon. He also speaks German and Swiss fluently and works in tandem with the entire vessel crew who you'll soon get acquainted with. For now it's time to get settled and into bed, try and get some sleep because in a few hours from now the next time you set your head on your pillow just know there will probably be two or three white sharks swimming underneath it!

Day Two

We will arrive at Guadalupe approximately 9:00 am (breakfast time). The arrival to the island is, and remains, one of our favorite moments. For many of our shark divers who booked with us almost a year ago this is it, the Island of the Great White Sharks, you have arrived. If you're an early coffee drinker this moment will be etched in your mind for the rest of your life as you stand on the bow of the vessel taking in the scene. Guadalupe's craggy volcanic flanks rise 4000' to literally scrape the bottoms of cloud formations here, it's a big island. The large rock off to the tip of the island is Point Norte, or Shark Fin Rock, we'll pass this on to the small bay just ahead, white shark central. Upon arrival, we anchor, deploy our huge shark cages and begin operations. Breakfast is served in the galley, and Martin will be doing an in depth dive safety review prior to your cage time. Cage diving rotations are usually one hour at a time and the vessel is divided into four crews of three with six divers in the water at any given time. Your first cage dive is usually preceded by someone yelling "White Shaaaark!". A few years ago we had a young deck hand "Mikey from Main" who's tell tale white shark yell is a tradition we carry on to this day. Welcome to cage diving, keep your eyes open as you walk down a short ladder into the industries largest shark cages, chances are in a few minutes you'll ba face to face with the Great White shark. Lunch is served around noon and for most divers this is a welcome break from the morning and getting used to the world of cage diving. We pick up the afternoons cage diving rotations after lunch or power through depending on the shark action this day. Dinner is served approximately 6:00pm. After a hot shower and a change into your post shark encounter clothes, it's time for a sunset beer, or three on the bow with the other newly minted shark divers. Congratulations, it took you a long time to get here, but you did it, and now you're ready for the next two days of white sharks, and more. You are an official Shark Diver.

Day Three

If we decide to try a different site, we move early and begin operations at sunrise. Cage diving continues throughout the day and rotation times will be increased. Usually we stay in place as our crews and vessel captain know where to place the vessel and where the sharks are. Chances are you'll see another long range boat in the bay, but the sharks will transit from boat to boat, and with the density of animals on site everyone get's into sharks. We may get boarded by the MX Navy while were on site. They will board each vessel at least three or four time during the season. They are looking for valid commercial shark diving permits, passenger manifests, and some water or a soda. These young marines work very hard with little pay, so we always offer them lunch and water. Do not be surprised to see guns, this is a a typical Mexican boarding procedure and they have been doing this since 2008. The good news is their presence deters unlawful sport fishing boats who, in 2007, hooked a white shark right in front of us. Fortunately we sent a small boat over to them to film what they were doing and they soon cut the line and ran away. Having the MX Navy on site is a good thing. Day three ends as day two did, by now you have moved over to the expert class of Shark Diver and you know what the color of a white sharks eye really is. Only a real shark diver knows this so consider yourself one of the fortunate few. Like we said before, tonight when you go to sleep just know that a few feet below you lurk some of the white sharks you have come to know over the past few days. Shredder with his unique dorsal fin, Fat Tony, Mau, or even Bruce. They'll be here when you wake up.

Day Four

By now, everyone will be old pros and enjoy the relaxed feel of things. Your shark cage team will be some of your best friends even after this latest adventure with Shark Diver. Cage teams typically assign names for themselves, "The Wild Ones", "Team Dark Tide" when it's time to go cage diving you're team is ready and able, knowing where all the gear is located and how to suit up. Our photographers will be focused on getting the "best of the trip" shot and shark fans will now be able to accurately measure, sex, and identify each new shark. Shark Diver has a share and share alike policy towards shark images. Basically if you happen to nail the best trip shot, share it. Each night we provide memory sticks so divers can offload images and share them with each other. That way every divers goes home with the absolute best images they can, a group effort. The last cage rotation is always bitter sweet, time to say good by to animals that have captured our imaginations since, for many, childhood. It's amazing but sometimes if you really connect with an animal, there's a moment where the two of you just click. Shredder has been clicking with divers since our first season, and we hope you get to meet him this year, as he has proven to be quite a unique and wonderful animal.We depart around dinner time and head for home, make sure you take some last minute snap shots of Shark Fin Rock on the way out, usually the light is just right and it's a great way to say good by.

Day Five

We travel back to San Diego and arrive at the docks approximately 5:00 - 7:00 pm. 

New ExpedMed Adventure: Little Saint Simons Island

Just wanted to check in with you guys and let you know about a new CME trip we've developed here at ExpedMed for February 28 - March 3, 2013.

The trip is on Little Saint Simons Island, a private island that allows no more than 32 overnight guests, has seven miles of pristine beach, in overrun with birds, gators, dolphins, crabs, fish, deer, and other amazing wildlife, and has won numerous travel awards for its incredible food, history, service, and sustainable eco-friendly policies.

Little Saint Simons Island is an incredible place.  It's been in private hands for over 100 years and was converted from a hunting lodge into an eco-resort.  I toured it recently just to make sure it's what we would need for an event, and it was awesome.  

While on the island, I saw a bald eagle adult sitting on its nest with a chick peeking out over the nest edge, two adult gators (and two young gators), lots of birds, and wandered along a beach with no one but my friends as far as I could see in any direction.

The food was incredible and the cottages were really cool-- many were originals that had been updated with AC and electricity (but no tv, thankfully!).

Although we’ve reserved the entire island, I only have 11 rooms available. The cost per room is $1,950 which includes three nights on the island, all food, and all activities for two people.  

Activities include fishing (with all gear and bait), kayaking, guided tours of the island with naturalists, biking, exploring with motorized skiffs, beach wandering, bird and other wildlife watching, and hiking.

Rooms are double occupancy so if two people are in the room it's $325 per night each for three nights.

We are offering our 20 hour online course for CME plus 8 hours of live CME training.  CME fees are $799 (for a total of 28 hours of Category I CME).  

Please let me know ASAP if you are interested.  I’ve already sold three rooms and only have 8 more left.  

This is an incredible opportunity to visit one of my favorite places on earth.  By the way, kids are welcome and will love it-- when I toured the island last week I took my five year old and another dad with his 5 year old son.  Both the kids went crazy-- it was an awesome experience for all.

2012 Expedition Medicine National Conference Agenda

Hey guys.

Here at ExpedMed we've been working hard to put together yet another great conference agenda for our annual Expedition Medicine National Conference this September 28-30, 2012.

Since 2007 we've had this event in Washington, DC and we're pleased to announce the 2012 agenda. There are a few new names on the speaker list, and over the next few weeks we'll be introducing you to some of our new lecturers.

For those who want to make sure not to miss this exceptional eduational opportunity, we're already taking registrations.  The event will once again be at the Omni Shoreham Hotel in downtown DC, and will cover many important topics related to medical care on expeditions and in remote locations.

So, without further ado, here's the agenda for our 2012 ExpedMed event in Washington, DC.  Remember, all participants will receive 20 hours of Category I CME credits and our 700 page hardback textbook Expedition & Wilderness Medicine, free of charge.

September 28th, Friday

8:00-10:00am The Expedition Medical Kit, Michael Callahan

9:00-10:00am Travel Immunizations, David Townes

10:00-10:30am Break

10:30-11:30am Living and Working Abroad, Gregory Bledsoe

11:30-12:30 High Altitude Medicine I, Peter Hackett

12:30-2pm Lunch

2:00pm-3:00pm Wilderness Medicine EMS, Will Smith

3:00pm-4:00pm High Altitude Medicine II, Peter Hackett

4:00-4:30pm Break

4:30-5:30pm Wilderness Mass Casualty Incident, Will Smith

5:30pm-6:30pm Disaster Medicine, Christina Catlett

September 29th, Saturday

8:00-9:00am Medical Direction in the Wilderness, Will Smith

9:00-10:00am Patients at Altitude, Peter Hackett

10:00-10:30am Break

10:30-11:30am Bringing Combat Medicine to the Wilderness, Will Smith

11:30-12:30 Malaria Prevention and Chemoprophylaxis, Alan Magill

12:30-2pm  Lunch

2pm-3pm Telemedicine, David Townes

3pm-4pm Getting High for Science, Peter Hackett

4:00-4:30pm Break

4:30-5:30pm Rabies, Alan Magill

5:30pm-6:30pm Reptile Envenomations, Michael Callahan

September 30th, Sunday

8:00-9:00am Dive Medicine, Matthew Partrick

9:00-10:00am Self-Treatment for Expeditions, Alan Magill

10:00-10:30am Break

10:30-11:30am When Animals Attack, Christina Catlett

11:30-12:30 Arthropod Envenomations, Michael Callahan

New Personal Blog: GHBledsoe.com

I just wanted to let you guys know that I'm developing a new personal blog called GHBledsoe.com .

I already write for Freelance MD, the Medical Fusion Conference blog, and this blog here on the ExpedMed website, so why another blog?

Well, in sum, there are a number of issues that I want to address and stories that I want to tell that don't really fit into the other genres covered by my current blogs.  Instead of "goobering up" my current blogs with posts that really don't fit, I'm starting GHBledsoe.com to have a place to store all these random thoughts and observations.

That's about it.  Thanks for following us on ExpedMed and hopefully I'll see you from time to time on the new site.  We appreciate your support.

Wilderness Medicine & Money Management

You can learn more about Dr. Mazumdar at Lotus Wealth Solutions and the Medical Fusion Conference .

Dr. Jerri Mendelson: A Career in Wilderness Medicine

Dr. Jerri Mendelson is a Dermatologist practicing in the northwest United States.  She also is a former wildlife biologist and a recognized expert in Wilderness Medicine.  In this video, Dr. Mendelson talks about her career and how she made the transition from wildlife biologist to Dermatologist.  Dr. Mendelson's bio is below.

Dr. Jeri Kersten Mendelson is a board-certified dermatologist. She began her professional career as a wildlife biologist with a degree from the University of Wyoming. Her wildlife jobs took her to Wyoming, northern Thailand and eastern Oregon where she worked as a big game biologist for the Ochoco National Forest.

After leaving the Forest Service she attended the University of Oregon where she received a Masters degree studying bat echolocation. It was at the U of O where she met her husband and for the next several years followed him to Northwestern University, University of Pittsburgh and finally to the University of Arkansas for his post doctoral training in neurophysiology and physical therapy. Along this journey she taught anatomy and physiology and general biology. She attended the University of Arkansas medical school and dermatology residency program while her husband ran a medical research lab and practiced physical therapy. Together, they raised two active Razorback-loving boys.

Dr. Mendelson is a certified Dermatologist, MD FAAD and currently practices in Medford. As a clinical associate professor at Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), Dr. Mendelson also teaches dermatology to family practice residents during their rotations in the clinic. She has continued her educational interests by working with school groups and community organizations in sun/skin awareness programs. Jeri is a part time speaker and faculty member for the Wilderness Medicine Society.

How to Get Into Wilderness Medicine: An Interview with Dr. Howard Donner

I've been organizing and directing medical conferences since 2006.  One of the benefits of these events is that I have the opportunity to meet many fascinating and inspiring individuals.  Of all these individuals, one of my favorites is Dr. Howard Donner.

Howard is a hilarious person who I first heard speak at a Wilderness Medicine conference when I was still a resident.  Years later, Howard authored the first chapter of our Expedition & Wilderness Medicine textbook, and has spoken numerous times at our ExpedMed events.

In this interview, I sit down with Howard to hear not only about his career, but also about the history of how Wilderness Medicine began as an organized discipline. As always, Howard's interview-- complete with outtakes and side discussions-- is lively and fun and provides a number of insights into how someone can build a career in Wilderness Medicine.  I've posted his bio below the video.

Howard Donner is a Family Practice physician and a well-known expert in Wilderness Medicine. Dr. Donner served as an Expedition Physician on the 1988 Kangchenjunga Expedition, the 1997 NOVA Everest Expedition, and as a medical officer on the Denali Medical Research Project. As co-author of Field Guide to Wilderness Medicine, Dr. Donner is a frequent national lecturer and has provided medical support as a volunteer for the National Park Service. In addition to his medical expertise, Dr. Donner works as a commercial pilot and independent filmmaker.

Building a Wilderness Medicine Career: An Interview with Dr. Michael Callahan

In this video clip, Dr. Michael Callahan discusses his career in Wilderness Medicine and gives advice to other physicians about how they might develop a similar career.  Dr. Callahan is a well-known expert in Wilderness Medicine.  We've posted his bio below the video.

 

Dr. Michael Callahan is a Program Manager for Biodefense and Mass-Casualty Care at the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA) and an Associate Physician at the Division of Infectious Diseases at Massachusetts General Hospital/Harvard Medical School. Current wilderness medicine activities include oversight of clinical research programs to protect U.S. military personnel during sustained, extreme operations, including projects in Rapid Altitude Acclimatization and Immune Hardening. Before joining DARPA, Dr Callahan was principal investigator for the S.E. Asian Polyvalent Antivenin Trial in Na Trang, Vietnam. He maintains disaster medicine billets with two international disaster response organizations.

Build a Career in Tropical Medicine: An Interview with Professor David Warrell

In 2008, I had the opportunity to sit down with one of my medical heroes, Professor David Warrell of Oxford.  Professor Warrell has had an incredible career in Tropical Medicine, having published over 400 research papers and lived in multiple countries over the courser of the past 40 years.  I pulled this interview from the ExpedMed archives because it is simply so good.  

In this interview, I ask Professor Warrell about his career and ask how someone could build a career in Tropical Medicine today.  Below the video is a brief summary of Professor Warrell's bio.

Professor David Warrell is now Emeritus Professor of Tropical Medicine and Honorary Fellow of St. Cross College at the University of Oxford, UK. After training at Oxford, St Thomas’s Hospital and the Royal Postgraduate Medical School, London, UK, he has lived and worked as a physician, teacher, researcher and expedition doctor in Ethiopia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Kenya, Tanzania, Thailand, Burma, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Papua New Guinea, Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia and Peru. He is senior editor of the Oxford Textbook of Medicine and Essential Malariology and the Oxford Handbook of Expedition and Wilderness Medicine and has published more than 400 research papers and textbook chapters on malaria, rabies, relapsing fevers and other infectious and tropical diseases, comparative respiratory physiology, respiratory diseases, herpetology, venomous animals, envenoming and plant and chemical poisoning. He is a consultant to the World Health Organization (on malaria, rabies, snake bites, antivenom production), British Army, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Medical Research Council, Royal Geographical Society, Zoological Society of London and Earth Watch International. He is a past President of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene and International Federation for Tropical Medicine and Honorary Fellow of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Association of Physicians of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Ceylon College of Physicians.